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605.649 Programming Project #2

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605.649 — Introduction to Machine Learning
Programming Project #2
The purpose of this assignment is to give you a chance to get some hands-on experience implementing
a nonparametric classification or regression algorithm. Specifically, you will be implementing a k-nearest
neighbor classifier and regressor. Be careful with how the attributes are handled. Nearest neighbor methods
work best with numeric attributes, so some care will need to be taken to handle categorical attributes.
In this project, and all future projects, the experimental design we will use is called 5-fold cross-validation.
The basic idea is that you are going to take your data set and divide it into five equally-sized subsets. When
you do this, you should select the data points randomly, but with a twist. Ultimately, you would like the
same number of examples to be in each class in each of the five partitions. This is called “stratified” crossvalidation. For example, if you have a data set of 100 points where 1/3 of the data is in one class and 2/3
of the data is in another class, you will create five partitions of 20 examples each. Then for each of these
partitions, 1/3 of the examples (around 6 or 7 points) should be from the one class, and the remaining points
should be in the other class.
With five-fold cross-validation, you will run five experiments where you train on four of the partitions
(so 80% of the data) and test on the remaining partition (20% of the data). You will rotate through the
partitions so that each one serves as a test set exactly once. Then you will average the performance on these
five test-set partitions when you report the results.
For this assignment, you will use four datasets (two classification and two regression) that you will
download from the UCI Machine Learning Repository, namely:
1. Ecoli — https://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/Ecoli
[Classification] A data set to classify localization sites of proteins in ecoli cells. Three of the classes
have a very small number of examples. These should be deleted from the data set.
2. Image Segmentation — https://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/Image+Segmentation
[Classification] The instances were drawn randomly from a database of 7 outdoor images. The images
were handsegmented to create a classification for every pixel.
3. Computer Hardware — https://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/Computer+Hardware
[Regression] The estimated relative performance values were estimated by the authors using a linear
regression method. The gives you a chance to see how well you can replicate the results with these two
models.
4. Forest Fires — https://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/Forest+Fires
[Regression] This is a difficult regression task, where the aim is to predict the burned area of forest
fires, in the northeast region of Portugal, by using meteorological and other data .
For this project, the following steps are required:
• Download the four (4) data sets from the UCI Machine Learning repository. You can find this repository
at http://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/. All of the specific URLs are also provided above.
• Implement k-nearest neighbor and be prepared to find the best k value for your experiments. You
must tune k and explain in your report how you did the tuning
• Implement edited k-nearest neighbor. See above with respect to tuning k. Note that you will not apply
the edited nearest neighbor to the regression problems.
• Implement condensed k-nearest neighbor. See above with respect to tuning k. Note that you will not
apply the condensed nearest neighbor to the regression problems.
• Run your algorithms on each of the data sets. These runs should be done with 5-fold cross-validation
so you can compare your results statistically. You can use classification error or mean squared error
(as appropriate) for your loss function.
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• Write a very brief paper that incorporates the following elements, summarizing the results of your
experiments.
1. Title and author name
2. A brief, one paragraph abstract summarizing the results of the experiments
3. Problem statement, including hypothesis, projecting how you expect each algorithm to perform
4. Brief description of algorithms implemented
5. Brief description of your experimental approach
6. Presentation of the results of your experiments
7. A discussion of the behavior of your algorithms, combined with any conclusions you can draw
8. Summary
9. References (you should have at least one reference related to each of the algorithms implemented,
a reference to the data sources, and any other references you consider to be relevant)
• Submit your fully documented code, the outputs from running your programs, and your paper. Your
grade will be broken down as follows:
– Code structure – 10%
– Code documentation/commenting – 10%
– Proper functioning of your code, as illustrated by a 5 minute video – 30%
– Summary paper – 50%
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