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Assignment 2 creating and editing basic Java classes

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Assignment 2
Objective
This assignment should help you gain practice with creating and editing basic Java classes based
on given specifications.
Task
Do the following three exercises each in a different file. Your filenames should be
• IntegerSet.java
• Fraction.java
Each file should have a comment including your name at the top of the file. Each file
should also have appropriate comments throughout the program. When adding to a presupplied file, clearly indicate, using comments, which parts are your additions.
Integer Set
Filename: IntegerSet.java
• Create class IntegerSet in its own file
• An IntegerSet object holds integers in the range 0-100
• This is represented by an array of booleans. Array element i is set to true if the
integer i is in the set and false otherwise.
• Create these methods for the class (these should be the only public methods) :
IntegerSet()
public IntegerSet union(IntegerSet iSet)
public IntegerSet intersection(IntegerSet iSet)
public IntegerSet insertElement(int data)
public IntegerSet deleteElement(int data)
public boolean isEqualTo(IntegerSet iSet)
public String toString()
• The constructor (no arguments) initializes the array to represent the “empty set” (no
integers in the set)
• Method union creates and returns a new set that is the set-theoretic union of the two
existing sets (the calling object and the parameter). An element is in the union if it is in
either of the two starting sets
• Method intersection creates and returns a new set that is the set-theoretic
intersection of the two existing sets. An element is in the intersection if it’s in both of
the starting sets.
• Method insertElement adds the argument(an integer) to the set (the calling object)
and should also return that set (this allows calls to be cascaded)
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• Method deleteElement removes the argument from the set and should also return
the set, to allow cascading
• Method isEqualTo returns true if the two sets are equal (if they have all the same
elements) and false otherwise
• Method toString returns a string containing the set elements as a list of numbers in
ascending order, separated by spaces. Include only the elements present in the set. Use
“—” to represent an empty set
Fraction Class
Filename: Fraction.java
Begin with this Fraction class, posted on Canvas within the Fraction.java file within the Code
files for Lecture 4, and add the following features:
• You will create methods with the following signatures:
public Fraction simplify()
public Fraction add(Fraction f)
public Fraction subtract(Fraction f)
public Fraction multiply(Fraction f)
public Fraction divide(Fraction f)
• The simplify method will return a simplified version of the calling object. This
method should return a new Fraction (simplified), but not change the original one. The
fractions in the form 0/N should have a simplified form of 0/1. Any other fraction has
the usual mathematical definition of “simplified form”. This will require finding the GCD
of the numerator and denominator. One useful algorithm for doing so is Euclid’s
algorithm (the Euclidean algorithm).
• Methods add, subtract, multiply, divide should take in a Fraction as a
parameter and perform the given computation between the calling object and the
parameter object (The calling object is always the first operand). The result of each
operation should always be a fraction returned in simplified form. Example calls:
f1.add(f2) means to return the value f1+ f2, f1.divide(f2) means to return
the value f1/f2.
• In divide, if an attempt is made to divide by a fraction with the numerator 0, default
the result to 0/1. This division is actually undefined, but we need to return something
from the method and this is a “sane” value
• Be sure that your new methods enforce the same rules on the data as the original
methods do – the denominator must always be non-negative (negative fractions have
the negative sign in the numerator) and the denominator must never be zero
Testing
I’ve provided a file to help you get started with testing. This is not a comprehensive set of tests
(so make sure you do some of your own), but will get you started. Also, you will need to include
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the HW2Tester class (unchanged) in your jar file when you submit, as indicated at the end of
this.
The HW2Tester.java file, which contains some tests for both the IntegerSet and
Fraction classes, is posted on within Assignment 2 Canvas site.
Sample Run of HW2Tester
After set1.insertElement(10), set1 = 0 2 8 10
default IntegerSet is = —-
set1 = 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 95 100
set2 = 0 3 6 9 12
set1.union(set2) = 0 2 3 4 6 8 9 10 12 95 100
set1.intersection(set2) = 0 6 12
set1.deleteElement(2) = 0 4 6 8 10 12 95 100
set1.isEqualTo(set1) = true
set1.isEqualTo(set2) = false
Fraction tests:
4/6 simplified = 2/3
75/175 simplified = 3/7
-6/17 simplified = -6/17
f1 = 4/6
f2 = 75/175
f3 = -6/17
4/6 + 75/175 = 23/21
4/6 – 75/175 = 5/21
4/6 * 75/175 = 2/7
4/6 / 75/175 = 14/9
75/175 + -6/17 = 9/119
75/175 – -6/17 = 93/119
75/175 * -6/17 = -18/119
75/175 / -6/17 = -17/14
75/175 / 0/1 = 0/1
Submitting
Pack all of your files (class files and source code) into a fully runnable JAR file called hw2.jar
(this will be discussed in class, see the links on the class website for more details). The main
program that the jar file should execute is the unchanged HW2Tester program downloaded
above. I should be able to run the HW2Tester main() method from your jar file with the
command:
java -jar hw2.jar
Submit your jar file via the Canvas submission link for Assignment 2.

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