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Assignment 2: Files & Directories
Points 115 Submitting a file upload
File Types zip
Introduction
In this assignment, you’ll write a program that will get you familiar with reading and
writing files and directories on Unix.
Learning Outcomes
Describe the API for different operations related to files (Module 3 MLO 3)
Describe the API for different operations related to directories (Module 3 MLO 6)
What are scopes and types of permissions associated with files and directories? (Module 3
MLO 7)
Instructions
Write a program that
Reads directory entries
Finds a file in the current directory based on user specified criteria
Reads and processes the data in the chosen file
Creates a directory
Creates new files in the newly created directory and writes processed data to these files
Format of the CSV File
Here is a sample file (https://canvas.oregonstate.edu/courses/1890464/files/94288639/download)
whose format corresponds to the format of the CSV file your program will be tested with (this is
exactly the same file format as in Assignment 1).
The first row in the file contains the column headers, and not movie data.
All other rows have the same format and no columns are missing in any row.
Commas appear as delimiters between columns, but will not appear in the values of any
columns.
This file has the following columns:
1. Title
This is a string with the movie title.
E.g., Iron Man 2
2. Year
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This is a 4 digit integer value for the year the movie was released
E.g., 2010
3. Languages
The language or languages in which the movie was released.
One or more string values that are always enclosed within []
Multiple values are separated by semi-colons.
E.g,
[English;Portuguese;Spanish]
[English;French]
[English]
You can assume that the maximum number of languages any movie can be released in is 5.
You can assume that the maximum length of a language string is 20 characters.
4. Rating Value
A number between 1 and 10 (inclusive of both 1 and 10)
It can be an integer or a double with one digit after the decimal point
E.g.,
5
8.7
Program Functionality
Main Menu
The program starts and presents two choices to the user
1. Select file to process
2. Exit the program
Enter a choice 1 or 2:
1. Select file to process
If the user picks this option, they are presented with 3 further choices about which file to process
(see details below)
2. Exit the program
If the user chooses this option, the program should exit.
Notes:
You can assume that when the program asks user to enter an integer, the user will indeed enter
an integer (i.e., you don’t need to verify the data type of the user input).
For the interaction choice if the user enters an incorrect integer (i.e., something other than 1 or
2), print an error message and again present the 2 choices to the user.
Selecting a File to Process
If the user picks this option, they are presented with the following menu options
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Which file you want to process?
Enter 1 to pick the largest file
Enter 2 to pick the smallest file
Enter 3 to specify the name of a file
Enter a choice from 1 to 3:
If the user picks 1
The program finds the largest file with the extension csv in the current directory whose name
starts with the prefix movies_ and automatically process it.
In case of tie, pick any of the files with the extension csv starting with movies_ that have the
largest size.
If the user picks 2
The program finds the smallest file with the extension csv in the current directory whose
name starts with the prefix movies_ and automatically process it.
In case of tie, pick any of the files with the extension csv starting with movies_ that have the
smallest size.
If the user picks 3
The program asks the user to enter the name of a file.
The program checks if this file exists in the current directory. If the file is not found, the program
should write an error message and again give the user the 3 choices about picking a file, i.e.,
don’t go back to the main menu, but stay at the menu for picking a file.
For this option, there is no requirement that the file name must start with a particular prefix or
that it must have a particular extension.
After a file has been successfully picked based on any of the 3 options picked by the user, the
program must print the name of the file that will now be processed.
For example, if the user picks the option for the smallest file, and the name of that file is
movies_2.csv , then the following message will be displayed
Now processing the chosen file named movies_2.csv
Note: your program must print the message with the name of the chosen file. The items
related to file choice will be graded based on this message.
Processing the File
The program now reads the chosen file and processes it. After processing the file, the program
goes back to the main menu.
The goal is that whenever the program processes a file, it will
Create a new directory and print a message with the name of the directory that has been
created
The directory must be named your_onid.movies.random
where
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random is a random number between 0 and 99999 (both numbers inclusive)
your_onid is your ONID
E.g., when chaudhrn runs his program and processes two files the following 2 directories
may be created (of course the random numbers can be different)
chaudhrn.movies.83465
chaudhrn.movies.25
The permissions of the directory must be set to rwxr-x—
i.e., the owner has read, write and execute permissions, and group has read and execute
permission to the directory.
Parse data in the chosen file to find out the movies released in each year
In the new directory, create one file for each year in which at least one movie was released
The permissions on these files must be set to rw-r—–
i.e., the owner can read and write to the file, while group can only read the file.
The file must be named YYYY.txt where YYYY is the 4 digit integer value for the year.
E.g., the file for movies released in 2018 must be named 2018.txt
Within the file for a year, write the titles of all the movies released in that year, one on each line
E.g., if two movies Avengers: Infinity War and Mary Queen of Scots where released in 2018,
then the file 2018.txt will have two lines with each of the two titles on one line each.
Note: The bullet points above state what the processing accomplishes. There is no requirement that
your program does the processing in the order of these bulleted points.
Sample Program Execution
Here is a complete example of executing the program in a directory where
The file foo_bar does not exist
The file great_movies.csv exists
Of all the files with the extension csv and the prefix movies_
the largest file is named movies_1.csv
the smallest file is named movies_2.csv
1. Select file to process
2. Exit the program
Enter a choice 1 or 2: 1
Which file you want to process?
Enter 1 to pick the largest file
Enter 2 to pick the smallest file
Enter 3 to specify the name of a file
Enter a choice from 1 to 3: 1
Now processing the chosen file named movies_1.csv
Created directory with name chaudhrn.movies.89383
1. Select file to process
2. Exit the program
Enter a choice 1 or 2: 1
Which file you want to process?
Enter 1 to pick the largest file
Enter 2 to pick the smallest file
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Enter 3 to specify the name of a file
Enter a choice from 1 to 3: 2
Now processing the chosen file named movies_2.csv
Created directory with name chaudhrn.movies.30886
1. Select file to process
2. Exit the program
Enter a choice 1 or 2: 1
Which file you want to process?
Enter 1 to pick the largest file
Enter 2 to pick the smallest file
Enter 3 to specify the name of a file
Enter a choice from 1 to 3: 3
Enter the complete file name: foo_bar
The file foo_bar was not found. Try again
Which file you want to process?
Enter 1 to pick the largest file
Enter 2 to pick the smallest file
Enter 3 to specify the name of a file
Enter a choice from 1 to 3: 3
Enter the complete file name: great_movies.csv
Now processing the chosen file named great_movies.csv
Created directory with name chaudhrn.movies.92777
1. Select file to process
2. Exit the program
Enter a choice 1 or 2: 2
Hints & Resources
In the assignment, you can use any code presented in the explorations.
Wherever you use code from the explorations, add a comment about the example where
you got the code.
Code the functionality incrementally, constantly testing it and using version control (e.g., Git) to
track changes.
You can use the Grading Rubric as a guide to incrementally develop the functionality.
To generate a random number, you can use random() or srandom()
(https://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man3/random.3.html)
To write formatted output to a string , you can use sprintf() (https://www.man7.org/linux/manpages/man3/sprintf.3.html)
The specification of the format string for sprintf() is exactly the same as what you pass in the
format string to printf()
The difference is that printf() writes to standard output while sprintf() writes to the specified
string
What to turn in?
You can only use C for coding this assignment and you must use the gcc compiler.
You can use C99 or GNU99 standard or the default standard used by the gcc installation on
os1.
6/27/23, 5:03 PM Assignment 2: Files & Directories
https://canvas.oregonstate.edu/courses/1890464/assignments/8931980 6/8
Assignment 2: files & directories
Your assignment will be graded on os1.
Submit a single zip file with all your code, which can be in as many different files as you want.
This zip file must be named youronid_program2.zip where youronid should be replaced by your
own ONID.
E.g., if chaudhrn was submitting the assignment, the file must be named
chaudhrn_program2.zip .
In the zip file, you must include a text file called README.txt that contains instructions on how to
compile your code using gcc to create an executable file that must be named movies_by_year .
When you resubmit a file in Canvas, Canvas can attach a suffix to the file, e.g., the file name
may become chaudhrn_program2-1.zip . Don’t worry about this name change as no points will be
deducted because of this.
Grading Criteria
The points for the assignment and the break-up for items is described in the grading rubric.
The grading will be done on os1 by running the program against one or more CSV files that
have the exact format of the sample CSV file but with different data.
6/27/23, 5:03 PM Assignment 2: Files & Directories
https://canvas.oregonstate.edu/courses/1890464/assignments/8931980 7/8
Criteria Ratings Pts
5 pts
15 pts
15 pts
15 pts
15 pts
10 pts
5 pts
10 pts
15 pts
4 pts
1 pts
5 pts
The correct options are displayed for picking a file. 5 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
The option to pick the largest file works correctly and prints a message with
the name of the largest file.
15 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
The option to pick the smallest file works correctly and prints a message with
the name of the smallest file.
15 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
The option to pick a file by name works correctly, prints the name of the
chosen file when it is found, and handles the case where no file with that
name is found.
15 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
A different directory with the correct name is created each time a file is
processed during the execution of the program, and the program prints the
name of the directory that has been created.
15 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
The correct number of files are created. 10 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
The file names are correct. 5 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
The directory and file permissions are correct. 10 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
Each file has all the movies for that year. 15 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
The program exits only when user enters the correct choice. 4 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
Top level choice other than 1 or 2 is correctly handled. 1 pts
Full
Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
The code is fully commented 5 to >0.0 pts
Full Marks
0 pts
No
Marks
6/27/23, 5:03 PM Assignment 2: Files & Directories
https://canvas.oregonstate.edu/courses/1890464/assignments/8931980 8/8
Total Points: 115
Criteria Ratings Pts

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