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# Assignment 2 Timing analysis and ADT specification

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CMPT 280– Intermediate Data Structures and Algoirthms
Assignment 2

Total Marks: 47
1 Submission Instructions
• Assignments must be submitted using Moodle.
• Responses to written (non-programming) questions must be submitted in a PDF file, plain text file
(.txt), Rich Text file (.rtf), or MS Word’s .doc or .docx files. Digital images of handwritten pages
are also acceptable, provided that they are clearly legible, and in a common format such as JPEG or
PNG.
• Programs must be written in Java.
• If you are using IntelliJ (or similar development environment), do not submit the whole project
folder. Hand in only those files identified in Section 4.
• No late assignments will be accepted. See the course syllabus for the full late assignment policy for
this class.
The questions on this assignment are about timing analysis and ADT specification. There is no programming on this assignment.
Question 1 ():
For each of the following functions, give the tightest upper bound chosen from among the usual
simple functions listed in Section 3.5 of the course readings. Answers should be expressed in big-O
notation.
(a) (1 point) f1(n) = n log2
n + n
4
log280 n + 2
n
42
(b) (1 point) f3(n) = 0.4n
4 + n
2
log n
2 + log2
(2
n
)
(c) (1 point) f2(n) = 4n
0.7 + 29n log2
n + 280
Question 2 ():
Suppose the exact time required for an algorithm A in both the best and worst cases is given by the
function
TA(n) = 1
280n
2 + 42 log n + 12n
3 + 280√
n
(a) (2 points) For each of the following statements, indicate whether the statement istrue or false.
1. Algorithm A is O(log n)
2. Algoirthm A is O(n
2
)
3. Algoirthm A is O(n
3
)
4. Algoirthm A is O(2
n
)
(b) (1 point) What is the time complexity of algorithm A in big-Θ notation.
Question 3 ():
If possible, simplify the following expressions. Hint: See slide 11 of topic 4 of the lecture slides!
(a) (1 point) O(n
2
) + O(log n) + O(n log n)
(b) (1 point) O(2
n
) · O(n
2
)
(c) (1 point) 42O(n log n) + 18O(n
3
)
(d) (1 point) O(n
2
log2
n
2
) + O(m) (yes, that’s an ‘m’, not a typo; note that m is independent of n)
Question 4 ():
Consider the following Java code fragment:
// Print out all ordered pairs of numbers between 1 and n
for ( i = 1; i <= n; i ++) {
for ( j = 1; j <= n; j ++) {
System . out . println ( i + ” ,␣ ” + j ) ;
}
}
(a) (3 points) Use the statement counting approach to determine the exact number of statements that
are executed when we run this code fragment as a function of n. Show all of your calculations.
(b) (1 point) Express the answer you obtained in part (a) in big-Θ notation.
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Question 5 ():
Consider the following pseudocode:
Algorithm roundRobinTournament ( a)
This algorithm generates the list of matches that must be
played in a round – robin pirate – dueling tournament ( a tournament where
each pirate duels each other pirate exactly once ).
a is an array of strings containing names of pirates in the tournament
n = a . length
for i = 0 to n -1
for j = i +1 to n -1
print a [ i ] + ” ␣ duels ␣ ” + a [ j ] + ” ,␣ Yarrr !”
(a) (6 points) Use the statement counting approach to determine the exact number of statements that
are executed by this pseudocode as a function of n. Show all of your calculations..
(b) (1 point) Express the answer you obtained in part a) in big-Θ notation.
Question 6 (3 points):
Using the active operation approach, determine the time complexity of the pseudocode in question 5.
Show all your work and express your final answer in Big-Θ notation.
Question 7 (6 points):
Consider the following pseudocode.
Algorithm multiSearch ( data , target ):
data : an list of arrays of integers ; in each array the
integers are sorted in ascending order ; the list
’ data ’ has a cursor .
target : an integer
// Iterate over the arrays in the list ’ data ’ using
// its cursor :
data . goFirst ()
found = false
while ( ! data . after () and ! found ) {
// search for integer ’ target ’ in A
found = binarySearch ( data . currentItem () , target )
data . goForth ()
Using the active operation approach to timing analysis determine the time complexity of this pseudocode in the worst case. Assume that the list of arrays contains n arrays and that each array has
exactly m items in it. Show all your work and express your final answer in Big-O notation.
Question 8 (17 points):
A priority queue is a queue where a numeric priority is associated with each element. Access to
elements that have been inserted into the queue is limited to inspection and removal of the elements
with smallest and largest priority only. A priority queue may have multiple items that are of equal
priority.
Give the ADT specification for a bounded priority queue using the specification method described
in Topic 7 of the lecture notes. By “bounded”, it is meant that the priority queue has a maximum
capacity specified when it is created, and it can never contain more than that number of items.
Your specification must specify the following operations:
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newPriorityQueue: make a new queue
insert: inserts an element with a certain priority
isEmpty: test if the queue is empty
isFull: test if the queue is full
maxItem: obtain the item in the queue with the highest priority
minItem: obtain the item in the queue with the lowest priority
deleteMax: remove from the queue the item with the highest priority
deleteAllMax: remove from the queue all items that are tied for the highest priority
deleteMin: remove from the queue the item with the lowest priority
frequency: obtain the number of times a certain item occurs in the queue (with any priority)
3 Files Provided
None.
4 What to Hand In
You must submit the following files:
assignment2.doc/docx/rtf/pdf/txt – your answers to questions 1 to 8. Digital images of handwritten pages
are also acceptable, provided that they are clearly legible.
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