Assignment #6 Kernels and Support Vector Machines (SVM)


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Machine Learning
COMP 5630/ COMP 6630/ COMP 6630 – D01

Assignment #6
Kernels and Support Vector Machines (SVM)
Submission Instructions
This assignment is due Tuesday, October 25, 2022, at 11:59 pm. Please submit your solutions
via Canvas ( You should submit your assignment as a
PDF file. Please do not include blurry scanned/photographed equations as they are difficult
for us to grade.
Late Submission Policy
The late submission policy for assignments will be as follows unless otherwise specified:
1. 75% credit within 0-48 hours after the submission deadline.
2. 50% credit within 48-96 hours after the submission deadline.
3. 0% credit beyond 96 hours after the submission deadline.
1 Kernel computation cost [30 pts]
1. [10 Points] Consider we have a two-dimensional input space such that the input
vector is x = (x1, x2)
. Define the feature mapping ϕ(x) = (x

2x1x2, x2
. What
is the corresponding kernel function, i.e., K(x, z)? Do not leave ϕ(x) in your final
2. [20 Points] Suppose we want to compute the value of the kernel function K(x, z)
from the previous question, on two vectors x, z ∈ R
. How many additions and
multiplications are needed if you
(a) [10 Points] Map the input vector to the feature space and then perform the dot
product on the mapped features?
(b) [10 Points] Compute through the kernel function you derived in question 1?
2 Kernel functions [30 pts]
Consider the following kernel function:
K(x, x′
) = (
1, if x = x

0, otherwise
1. [10 Points] Prove this is a legal kernel. That is, describe an implicit mapping ϕ :
X → Rm such that K(x, x′
) = ϕ(x) · ϕ(x

). (You may assume the instance space X is
2. [10 Points] In this kernel space, any labeling of points in X will be linearly separable.
Justify this claim.
3. [10 Points] Since all labelings are linearly separable; this kernel seems perfect for
learning any target function. Why is this a bad idea?
3 Linear SVM Implementation [30 pts]
In this assignment you will implement a simple linear SVM classifier and run them on the
following dataset:
• Mushroom dataset: a simple categorical binary classification dataset. Please note
that the labels in the dataset are 0/1, as opposed to -1/1 as in the lectures, so you
may have to change either the labels or the derivations of parameter update rules
The goal of this assignment is to help you understand the fundamentals of the linear
SVM classifier and become trained in implementing SVM using Python. You will also get
experience in hyperparameter tuning and using proper train/validation/test data splits.
Download the starting code from the package (“SVM”)
provided to you.
The top-level notebook (“SVM.ipynb”) will guide you through all of the steps. Setup
instructions are below. The format of this assignment is inspired by the Stanford CS231n
assignments, and we have borrowed some of their data loading and instructions in our
assignment IPython notebook.
None of the parts of this assignment require the use of a machine with a GPU. You
should be able to complete the assignment using your local machine.
Environment Setup (Local): You will need a Python environment set up with the
appropriate packages.
IPython: The assignment is given to you in the SVM.ipynb file. Ensure that IPython
is installed ( You may then navigate to the assignment
directory in the terminal and start a local IPython server using the Jupyter notebook command.
Reporting: Describe the hyperparameter tuning you tried for learning rate, number
of epochs, and Regularization constant. Report the optimal hyperparameter setting you
found in the list below. Also report your training, validation, and testing accuracy with
your optimal hyperparameter setting.
• Optimal hyperparameters:
• Training accuracy:
• Validation accuracy:
• Test accuracy:
Also, create two plots as follows:
1. Fix the number of epochs and Regularization constant to their optimal values, then
create a plot where the x-axis varies the learning rate and the y-axis plots the training,
validation, and testing accuracy.
2. Fix the number of epochs and learning rate to their optimal values, then create a plot
where the x-axis varies the Regularization constant and the y-axis plots the training,
validation, and testing accuracy.
Finally, submit “SVM.ipynb” on Canvas as well.
Disclaimers: This assignment re-uses some materials from the publicly available website: CMU Introduction to Machine Learning Course, 10-315, Spring 2019. I personally
thank Prof. Maria-Florina Balcan for sharing her teaching materials publicly. This assignment is exclusively used for instructional purposes.

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