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Assignment (P1): Simple Web Server (SWS)

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CSc361 Programming Assignment (P1): Simple Web Server (SWS)
Assignment objective:
In this programming assignment, you will use the STREAM socket (i.e., supported by TCP) in Python to create
a Simple Web Server (SWS) with select() supporting both persistent and non-persistent HTTP connections.
Please note that you need to use select() non-blocking socket() to complete P1 as a preparation for P2.
Assignment schedule with regard to tutorials and labs:
There are two tutorials (T2 and T3) and two lab sessions (L2 and L3) associated with this assignment.
In T2 on September 16, the tutorial instructor will go through the P1 specification and answer your questions,
and will also provide a simple design for your reference. In L2 on September 19 (no in-person lab but video
provided for drop-in), 20 or 21, the lab instructor will go through HTTP (both persistent and non-persistent,
using nginx-light and wget) packet capture and analysis, and help students form their design for P1.
In T3 on September 23, the tutorial instructor will check students P1 design, provide feedback and instruction
on submission through brightspace, and give a quick demo. In L3 on September 26, 27 or 28, the lab instructor
will check students P1 implementation, capture and analyze SWS packets, and provide help if needed.
Please follow our tutorial and lab schedule closely for this assignment, which ensures its success and
smoothness.
SWS requirements:
SWS only supports the “GET /filename HTTP/1.0” command, and “Connection: keep-alive” and “Connection:
close” request and response header when supporting persistent HTTP connection. The request header is
terminated by an empty line known as “\r\n”, where “\r” indicates a carriage return and “\n” a (new) line feed.
If unsupported commands are received or in unrecognized format, SWS will respond “HTTP/1.0 400 Bad
Request”. If the file indicated by filename is inaccessible, SWS will return “HTTP/1.0 404 Not Found”. Such
responses will be followed by the response header if any, an empty line, indicating the end of the response.
For successful requests, SWS will respond “HTTP/1.0 200 OK”, followed by the response header if any, an
empty line indicating the end of the response header, and the content of the file.
How to run SWS:
On H2 in PicoNet, “python3 sws.py ip_address port_number”, where ip_address and port_number indicate
where SWS binds its socket for incoming requests.
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On H1 in PicoNet, “nc sws_ip_address sws_port_number” to connect to SWS, and type “GET /sws.py
HTTP/1.0” followed by “Connection: keep-alive” and an empty line to request the file sws.py from SWS (in this
case, SWS shall keep the connection alive after sending back sws.py following an empty line after
“Connection: keep-alive”, and wait for the next request from the same client through the same TCP connection,
until the connection times out, i.e., “Connection: close”). If the client does not include “Connection: keep-alive”
or does include “Connection: close” in its request, SWS will close the connection after serving the request.
For each served request, even if unsuccessfully, SWS will output a log line “time: client_ip:client_port request;
response”, e.g., “Tue Sep 13 21:44:35 PDT 2022: 192.168.1.100:54321 GET /sws.py HTTP/1.0; HTTP/1.0 200
OK”. Please follow the log format closely for marking purposes. Please note that SWS will keep waiting to
serve more clients and can serve multiple concurrent clients by using select(), until interrupted by Ctrl-C.
How to test SWS:
Capture and analyze the interaction between SWS and its clients (nc, wget or even a regular web browser)
with tcpdump and Wireshark. Your code will be evaluated in PicoLab as you have in ECS360.
What to submit:
sws.py source file, and the tcpdump files on R, showing the interaction between SWS and its clients, in both
persistent (sws-persistent.cap) and non-persistent (sws-non-persistent.cap) connections. Please also copy and
paste the content of sws.py and tcpdump -r the capture file to the text input box on brightspace.
When:
By Monday, October 3, 2022, 5pm through brightspace -> assignments -> p1
Questions and answers:
In addition to associated tutorials and labs, brightspace -> discussion forums -> p1
Academic integrity:
This is an individual assignment and your submitted work shall be done by yourself alone.
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Appendix: A simple design for your reference
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