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Concurrent Programming COMP 409 Assignment 2

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Concurrent Programming
COMP 409
Assignment 2

General Requirements
These instructions require you use Java. All code should be well-commented, in a professional style, with appropriate variables names, indenting, etc. Your code must be clear and readable. Marks will be very generously
deducted for bad style or lack of clarity.
There must be no data races: all shared variable access must be properly protected by synchronization.
Any variable that is written by one thread and read or written by another should only be accessed within a
synchronized block (protected by the same lock), or marked as volatile. At the same time, avoid unnecessary
use of synchronization or use of volatile. Unless otherwise specified, your programs should aim to be efficient,
and exhibit high parallelism, maximizing the ability of threads to execute concurrently. Please stick closely to
the described input and output formats.
Your assignment submission must include a separate text file, declaration.txt stating “This assignment
solution represents my own efforts, and was designed and written entirely by me”. Assignments without this
declaration, or for which this assertion is found to be untrue are not accepted. In the latter case it will also be
referred to the academic integrity office.
Questions
1. These two sub-questions simulate spiders(-ish) jumping around a web(-like thing). You should only use
blocking sychronization—once a lock acquisition is attempted, it must complete. Do not use volatile
or spin.
(a) The web is formed of some number of edges between points in a 2D space. 12
Provide a program, q1a.java that accepts command-line arguments, n, t, and k. First, sequentially create n random points. Use floating point coordinates (floats or doubles are ok), and strictly
bound the region in which these points are created to the 1000.0 × 1000.0 square. Include the corners of the outer square in the point set. Ensure no two points overlap (note that since you are using
floating point numbers this means the distance between them should be greater than some small,
but non-0 epsilon value).
Each point should be represented by an object containing the coordinates, and a normal java.-
util.ArrayList for storing adjacent points. Access to the ArrayList should be protected by a
lock, (or synchronized—using blocking synchronization with no spinning).
Now, launch n threads to triangulate the region. Each thread picks a randomly selected pair of
points and tries to add an edge between them (represented by adding an adjacency for each point in
the other), if there is not one already. This process must be done atomically, in the sense that while
you attempt to add an edge a thread requires exclusive access to each point’s ArrayList, which it
acquires by using the blocking synchronization protecting each such list.
The program should terminates as soon as any one thread has failed to add a total of k edges. Print
out the total number of edges that were successfully added.
(b) On your web/graph, spiders jump around. To simplify things, spiders here have just 3 legs, and a 12
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body. The body occupies a point in the graph, and the three legs occupy 3 different points that are
adjacent to the body. Each point in the graph can only hold a spider body or one leg.
Provide a program, q2a.java that accepts command-line arguments, n, t, k, and m. The first
three parameters apply to your solution to the question above.
After the web has been constructed by your t threads, t spiders should be instantiated at random
locations in the graph, non-overlapping. Your object structure for points will need to store which
spider (and spider-part) it currently holds. Each spider is controlled by a separate thread.
Spiders sleep for a time, and then jump around to a different, randomly selected location (i.e., 4
points that hold the body and its legs) on the web. A spider must do so (effectively) atomically,
however, verifying that the new random locations are not otherwise occupied before any part of it
moves from its current location. Associate a lock (using blocking synchronization) with each point
in order to protect the state of each point (you can reuse the locks protecting your ArrayList from
the previous question, or use new ones). A spider jumping must then acquire appropriate locks to
ensure its destination and departure points are not modified by other spiders, verify it can reach its
destination and if so move, or not move if the destination is not suitable.
Spiders attempt to move every 40–50ms, sleeping between jumps. The simulation should run for m
seconds, and then all threads should terminate. As output, after threads terminate emit the number
of moves each spider has made.
Provide your source code for both questions, and as a separate document include a brief textual explanation of why your programs do not deadlock (for reasonable choices of input parameters).
2. Javas synchronized construct allows for trivial construction of monitors based on SIGNAL AND CON- 12
TINUE semantics. Define monitors to allow a choice of semantics. Define an abstract class Monitor
which declares enter() and exit() methods, as well as await() throws InterruptedException and signal() for managing condition semantics (only one condition queue is required).
Then define subclasses MonitorSC, MonitorSW, and MonitorSUW which provide SIGNAL ANDCONTINUE, SIGNAL AND WAIT, and SIGNAL AND URGENT WAIT semantics, respectively.
What to hand in
Submit your declaration and assignment files to MyCourses. Note that clock accuracy varies, and late assignments will not be accepted without a medical note: do not wait until the last minute. Assignments must be
submitted on the due date before 6pm.
Where possible hand in only source code files containing code you write. Do not submit compiled binaries or
.class files. For any written answer questions, submit either an ASCII text document or a .pdf file. Avoid .doc
or .docx files. Images (plots or scans) are acceptable in all common graphic file formats.
This assignment is worth 10% of your final grade. 36
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