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cpts350 hw6
1. Let G be a DAG (a graph without loops) and u, v be two designated nodes
(there are many other nodes in G). Design an efficient algorithm to count
the number of paths from u to v.
2. Let G be a DAG (a graph without loops) and u, v be two designated nodes
(there are many other nodes in G). In particular, each node in G is labeled
with a color and multiple nodes can share the same color. A good path is
one where the number of green nodes is bigger than the number of yellow
nodes. Design an efficient algorithm to count the number of good paths from
u to v.
3. Let G be a graph (so it may have loops) and u, v be two designated nodes
(there are many other nodes in G). In particular, each node in G is labeled
with a color and multiple nodes can share the same color. Suppose that γ
is a regular expression on colors (e.g., (green + yellowyellow)

yellowblue).
An ugly path is one that the color sequence on the path satisfies the regular
expression γ. Design an efficient algorithm to count the number of ugly
paths from u to v (when the count is infinite, return ∞). (Hint: you have
two cases to consider, afer using a Cartesian product construction: a. the
count is infinite – where an SCC algorithm can be used to decide. b. the
count is finite, where prob 1 can be used.)
4. Let G be a graph that may contain loops and hence, the number of paths
from a designated start node to a designated end node may be infinite. Unfortunately, you usually can’t say that one infinite number is larger than
another. Here is the problem: sketch a way to compare the number of paths
in two graphs (that both may contain loops). (Hint: google perron, graph,
path count).
5. Let G be a control flow diagram of a C-progrm (which can be automatically
generated). For each node u in the diagram, one can obtain the total number
C(u) of paths from the root of the diagram to u. Then, from what you got
from 4 above, you may sort all the C(u)’s for all u (even though some of
C(u)’s are infinite) and then pick a u

that has the maximal C(u). Write a
mini-paper on how this will address the problem of testing a C-program. (if
you want, you can actully publish a paper on this get a Master degree!)
6. (a job interview question for a top tech company) Design an efficient
algorithm to compute the number of binary strings with length n that satisfy
1
the regular expression ((0 + 11 + 101)∗
(1101))∗
. (Hint: use Prob 3 above. I
will talk about the solutions in class.)
2

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