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CS 310 ‘Algorithms’ Assignment-1

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CS 310 ‘Algorithms’ Assignment-1

IMPORTANT: Read the instructions at the end of this document and follow the naming
conventions.
Q1. [14 marks]
You are given a set of ‘n’ chemical compounds which have to be packed in two boxes. Some
of the chemicals may react with other chemicals and should not be packed in the same box.
1. Code an efficient algorithm in C/C++ that determines if it is possible to safely pack
these chemicals in two boxes and if so, then print which chemicals should go in
Box-1 and which in Box-2. [6]
2. If it is not possible to safely pack the chemicals in two boxes then print at least one
sequence of chemical interactions that prevents such a division. [6]
3. Give a clear description of your algorithm and data structures used to implement it in
the comments at the beginning of your code. What is the running time of your
algorithm? You should include clear comments that explain your algorithm’s time
complexity. [2]
4. You should create at least three different input files to test your algorithm for different
scenarios (see format below). Creating test cases helps you think about the
problem and different corner cases. For testing your code, you may share your test
cases with other classmates. Your code should be able to scale up to larger input
sizes .
Your code will read input from a text file. The format of the file is as follows. The first line
contains the number of chemicals. This will be followed by n lines (one for each of the n
chemicals) and each line will contain the chemical number followed by a colon and a list of
chemicals with which it reacts. Some examples are given below.
Input :
n 6
0 : 1 2
1 : 0 3 5
2 : 0
3 : 4 1
4 : 3
5 : 1
Output Format:
Yes
0 3 5
1 2 4
—————————
Input :
n 6
0 : 1 2
1 : 0 3 5
2 : 0 4
3 : 4 1
4 : 3 2
5 : 1
Output Format:
No
0-1-3-4-2-0
Q2. [14 marks]
Suppose there exists a large transportation road network in a country that is prone to
flooding. This road network is modeled as a connected graph, where the cities are
represented as vertices and the bi-directional roads as undirected edges. Some roads in this
transportation network are especially vulnerable, because they form the only connection
between one part of the network with another and if they are damaged the network will
become disconnected. You, as a computer scientist, are given the task of identifying all such
vulnerable roads in this large network. See some examples below.
Figure-1
In Figure-1, two edges (1,3) and (7,8) are vulnerable edges.
Figure-2
In Figure-2, none of the edges are vulnerable.
Your code will read input from a text file. The problem will be modeled as an undirected
graph, where the vertices represent cities and the edges represent the roads that connect
the cities. The graph nodes are numbered from V0
to Vn-1
. The file will have the value of n on
the first line. This will be followed by n lines (one for each of the n nodes in the graph) and
each line will contain a node number (say Vi
) followed by a colon and a list of nodes to which
node i has an edge. For example, if there is an edge between node V0 and node V1 and edge
between node V0 and node V3
, then that will be represented as 0:1 3
For example, the input graph in Figure-2 will be represented as below.
Input (for Figure-2):
n 5
0 : 1 3
1 : 0 2 3
2 : 1 3 4
3 : 0 1 2 4
4 : 2 3
Output (for Figure-2):
0
Output (for Figure-1):
2
(1,3)
(7,8)
1. Code an efficient O(|V|+|E|) algorithm in C/C++ that determines the number of
vulnerable edges in the given graph. You also have to output all such vulnerable
edges, if they exist. See the given output format. [12]
2. Give a clear description of your algorithm and data-structures used to implement it in
the comments at the beginning of your code. What is the running time of your
algorithm? You should include clear comments that explain your algorithm’s time
complexity. [2]
3. You should create at least three different input files to test your algorithm for different
scenarios (see format below). Creating test cases helps you think about the
problem and different corner cases. For testing your code, you may share your test
cases with other classmates. Your code should be able to scale up to larger input
sizes .
Q3a. [12 marks]
A group of world leaders are attending a United Nations meeting. Some of the leaders hold a
grudge against some of the others. You are given the set of world leaders and a set of
ordered pairs (Li
, Lj
) of leaders such that Li holds a grudge against Lj. Note that the feeling is
not mutual, i.e., Lj does not have a grudge against Li
. The UN organizers have to take them
to the meeting hall and they will be walking in a line down a passage. The organizers are
afraid that Li might try to throw something at Lj
’s back while they are in the line and want that
those that hold a grudge (Li
) are not somewhere behind those they grudge (Lj
) in the line
(note the phrase “somewhere behind in the line”). The organizers have asked you for help.
1. Code an efficient algorithm in C/C++ that prints a safe ordering of the leaders in the
line or lets the organizers know that it is not possible. [5]
2. If a safe ordering is not possible then print at least one sequence of grudges to
illustrate that. [5]
3. Give a clear description of your algorithm and data structures used to implement it in
the comments at the beginning of your code. What is the running time of your
algorithm? You should include clear comments that explain your algorithm’s time
complexity. [2]
4. You should create at least three different input files to test your algorithm for different
scenarios (see format below). Creating test cases helps you think about the
problem and different corner cases. For testing your code, you may share your test
cases with other classmates. Your code should be able to scale up to larger input
sizes .
Your code will read input from a text file. The format of the file is as follows. The first line
contains the number of leaders. This will be followed by n lines (one for each of the n
leaders) and each line will contain the leader number followed by a colon and a list of
leaders they hold a grudge against. Some examples are given below.
Input :
n 5
0 : 1 2 3
1 : 3
2 : 1
3 :
4 : 0
Output Format:
Yes
4 0 2 1 3
————————-
Input :
n 5
0 : 1 2 3
1 : 3 4
2 : 1
3 :
4 : 0
Output Format:
No
4-0-1-4
Q3b. [10 marks]
This part is a continuation of Q3a. Instead of lining up the leaders, you have to seat the
leaders in rows while they are on the stage. Let’s call the front row of the stage as Row-1
and second row as Row-2 and so-on. If Li holds a grudge against Lj
then Li must be in a
lower numbered row than Lj
. Note: lengths of different rows (i.e. number of people sitting in
that row) need not be the same. The organizers have asked you for help.
1. Code an efficient algorithm in C/C++ that finds the minimum number of rows
needed. You have to print the number of rows and the order in which the leaders are
seated in rows. If it is not possible to safely place the leaders in rows then mention
that in the output. [8]
2. Give a clear description of your algorithm and data structures used to implement it in
the comments at the beginning of your code. The running time should not exceed
that of Q3a. You should include clear comments that explain your algorithm’s time
complexity. [2]
3. You may reuse the input files you created in Q3a above to test your algorithm.
Input :
n 5
0 : 1 2 3
1 : 3
2 :
3 :
4 : 0
Output Format:
Yes
R 4
4
0
1 2
3
———————–
Input :
n 5
0 : 1 2 3
1 : 3 4
2 : 1
3 :
4 : 0
Output Format:
No
Instructions and policies
1. When submitting, please rename the folder according to your roll number.
2. Do delete all executables and test files before submitting your assignment on LMS.
3. Folder convention should not be changed. If you make any changes, the auto
grader will grade your assignment 0.
4. You must submit your own work. You may discuss the problems with other
classmates but must not reveal the solution to others or copy someone’s work.
Remember to acknowledge other classmates if discussions with them has helped
you.
5. You should name your code files using the following convention: qx.cpp
6. If the assignment includes any theoretical questions, then type your answer to those
questions and submit a separate pdf file for each using the naming convention above.
7. Upload all your files in the corresponding assignment folder on LMS. There will be a
20% deduction for assignments submitted up to one day late (the late
deduction is only applicable to the questions submitted late, not on the whole
assignment). Assignments submitted 24 hours after the deadline will not be
marked.
8. There will be vivas during grading of the assignment. The TAs will announce a
schedule and ask you to sign up for viva time slots. Failure to show up for vivas will
result in a 70% marks reduction in the assignment.
9. In the questions where you are asked to create test cases. Think carefully about good
test cases that check different conditions and corner cases. The examples given in
the assignment are for clarity and illustration purposes. You should not assume that
those are the only test cases your code should work for. Your code should be able to
scale up to larger input sizes and more complex scenarios.
10. Do not make arbitrary assumptions about the input or the structure of the problem
without clarifying them first with the Instructor or the TAs.
11. We will use automated code testing so pay close attention to the input and
output formats.
12. Make sure that your code compiles and runs on Ubuntu. You may choose to
develop your code in your favourite OS environment, however, the code must
be properly tested on Linux before submission. During vivas, your code should
not have any compatibility issues. It’s a good idea to use gcc -Wall option flag
to generate the compiler’s warnings. Pay attention to those warnings as fixing
them will lead to a much better and robust code.
13. For full credit, comment your code clearly and state any assumptions that you have
made. There are marks for writing well-structured and efficient code.
14. Familiarize yourself with LUMS policy on plagiarism and the penalties associated with
it. We will use a tool to check for plagiarism in the submissions.

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