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Divide and Conquer Algorithms for Rotated Sorted Arrays

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Divide and Conquer Algorithms for Rotated Sorted Arrays
Suppose you are given a sorted array of n distinct numbers that has been rotated k steps, for some unknown integer k between 1 and n- 1. That is, you are given an array A[1 ..n] such that some prefix A[1.. k] is sorted in increasing order, the corresponding suffix A[k + 1 ..n] is sorted in increasing order, and A[n] < A[1].

For example, you might be given the following 16-element array (where k = 10): 9 13 16 18 19 23 28 31 37 42 1 3 4 5 7 8

(a) Describe and analyze a divide and conquer algorithm to compute the unknown integer k. The expected answer should be O (log n). (b) Describe and analyze a divide and conquer algorithm to determine if the given array contains a given number x. The algorithm should return the index of x if the array contains the number, otherwise return -1. The expected answer should be O (log n).

Input format:
Array = [Elements of an array separated by space (1 2 3 4)]
ValueToSearch = [Enter the value to find in array]

Examples

Input:
9 13 16 18 19 23 28 31 37 42 1 3 4 5 7 8
5
Output:
10
13
Input:
9 13 16 18 19 23 28 31 37 42 1 3 4 5 7 8
33
Output:
10
-1

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