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ECE 321 Assignment 4

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ECE 321 Assignment 4 (individual work; 10 pts total)
This question asks you to provide the Petri Net (PN)
model of the traffic light system that was elicited during
the laboratories and which is shown on the right.
Your solution should include:
1. (4 pts) A graph representing your model, i.e., a
screenshot showing the initial marking that
represents the Default state included in the PDF
AND the model as xml file submitted on eClass
before the deadline. The xml file must be created
with PIPE 4.3.0 that can be downloaded from
https://sourceforge.net/projects/pipe2/files/PIPEv4/PIPEv4.3.0/
Try to make your model as neat as possible.
2. (4 pts) A description of all transitions used in the graph
1. List all transitions and describe what each of them does
3. (2 pts) The answer to the following three questions
1. Is your model conservative? Explain why.
2. Can we have a deadlock in your model?
3. Can we have a starvation in your model? If yes then show an example corresponding cycle
and list the transitions that will starve. Discuss if this starvation could happen in the actual
live traffic lights system, and if yes, explain in words how to prevent it.
Your system will use the following definition of states to derive the PN model:
M denotes malfunction flag; C clock (day vs. night); T1 and T2 are timers
* “B3 = On” only if B3 was pressed before leaving the Default state
** “S2 = On” only if S2 was active before leaving the Default state
Inputs 1 2 3 G1 G3 P1 P2 P3 M C T1 T2 B3* S2**
Valid states for given
input
System states
G,
R,
Off
G,
R,
FR
G,
R,
FR
On,
Off
On,
Off
G,
R,
Off
G,
R,
Off
G,
R,
Off
On,
Off
D,
N
On,
Off
On,
Off
On,
Off
On,
Off
Default G R R Off Off R G R Off D On Off Off Off
DefaultB3 G R R Off Off R G R Off D On Off On Off
DefaultS2 G R R Off Off R G R Off D On Off Off On
DefaultB3S2 G R R Off Off R G R Off D On Off On On
GreenP3 G R R Off Off R G G Off D Off On On Off
GreenP3S2 G R R Off Off R G G Off D Off On On On
GreenG1 R R R On Off G R R Off D Off On Off Off
GreenG1S2 R R R On Off G R R Off D Off On Off On
Green3 R R G Off On R R R Off D Off On Off Off
Green3S2 R R G Off On R R R Off D Off On Off On
Green2and3 R G G Off Off R R R Off D Off On Off Off
Emergency Off FR FR Off Off Off Off Off On D/N Off Off Off Off
Night Off FR FR Off Off Off Off Off Off N Off Off Off Off
The transitions between the states are described by the following transition function table:
IMPORTANT NOTES
• The Petri Net model has to follow the below assumptions
◦ Places represent the objects, not the states of the entire system (in contrast to the Finite
State Machine model), e.g. you will have a place for traffic lights 1, traffic lights 2, etc. See
below for the list of places that are in the model.
◦ Each transition is enabled based on its input places
▪ You may need to define multiple (duplicate) transitions that will model the same
physical input that changes system state, e.g. for the timer in the default state, but which
will be enabled in different states
◦ Inputs from the two sensors (B3 and S2) are considered/acknowledged only in the Default
state; columns B3 and S2 represent the state of the inputs as read in the Default state. If they
were not triggered in Default but became triggered in a subsequent state, then they are not
going to be acted upon until after the Default states. It is possible that both inputs, one of the
inputs, or none of the inputs are triggered. They are activated (set to On) one at the time,
i.e., never at the same time. At the time when Timer1 (T1) expires, the possible
configurations are that both inputs, one of the inputs, or none of the inputs are triggered.
◦ The switch to the Night state is possible only in the “Default” states (including Default,
DefaultB3, DefaultS2 and DefaultB3S2). Your model has to reset the values in the B3 and
S2 columns (set them to Off) when you transition out of the Default state, i.e., when the
Night time input is read.
System
inputs
States
Timer T1 fires
B3 pressed
S2 activated
Timer T2 fires
Clock C indicates Daytime
Clock C indicates Nighttime
Malfunction M occurs
Reset button R is pressed
and no malfunction M and
Clock C indicates Daytime
Reset button R is pressed
and no malfunction M and
Clock C indicates Nighttime
Default GreenG1 DefaultB3 DefaultS2 Night Emergency
DefaultB3 GreenP3 DefaultB3S2 Night Emergency
DefaultS2 GreenG1S2 DefaultB3S2 Night Emergency
DefaultB3S2 GreenP3S2 Night Emergency
GreenP3 GreenG1 Emergency
GreenP3S2 GreenG1S2 Emergency
GreenG1 Green3 Emergency
GreenG1S2 Green3S2 Emergency
Green3 Default Emergency
Green3S2 Green2and3 Emergency
Green2and3 Default Emergency
Emergency Emergency Default Night
Night Default Emergency
◦ To simplify the model, the Emergency state is disregarded (shadowed cells in the tables
above should be ignored). Other than that, the Petri Net model must represent the complete
behavior of the system
◦ It is not allowed to modify the above physical representation of the system states (colors of
the lights, setup of the timers, malfunction input, etc.)
◦ Remember to list any additional assumptions about your model, if you make any
◦ Use the input and input state abbreviations, as defined in the above table, in your
model. Renaming will result in deductions.
◦ Use PIPE 4.3.0
◦ Remember that Petri Nets are nondeterministic
▪ They fire one of the enabled transitions non-deterministically
▪ You do not have the control of which one
▪ One of the enabled transitions is selected randomly, which means that you need to
simulate and verify all possibilities
Due Dates and Notes
Your assignment must be received by 11:00am MST, on Wednesday, December 5, 2018.
Please submit one PDF file and one XML file.
HINT: LIST OF STATES
To make the task a bit simpler, the list of all states (21 in total) with their meanings is listed below.
Please use the same names in your model.
• 1 and 1_OFF – status of lights 1
◦ 0 tokens in 1 & 1 token in 1 OFF – 1 is turned off
◦ 1 token in 1 & 0 tokens in 1 OFF – Green
◦ 0 tokens in 1 & 0 tokens in 1 OFF – Red
• 2 and 2_FR – status of lights 2
◦ 0 tokens in 2 & 1 token in 2 FR – Flashing Red
◦ 1 token in 2 & 0 tokens in 2 FR – Green
◦ 0 tokens in 2 & 0 tokens in 2 FR – Red
• 3 and 3_FR – status of lights 3
◦ 0 tokens in 3 & 1 token in 3 FR – Flashing Yellow
◦ 1 token in 3 & 0 tokens in 3 FR – Green
◦ 0 tokens in 3 & 0 tokens in 3 FR – Red
• G1 – status of arrow G1
◦ 0 tokens – Off
◦ 1 token – On
• G3 – status of arrow G3
◦ 0 tokens – Off
◦ 1 token – On
• P1 and P1_OFF – status of pedestrian lights P1
◦ 0 tokens in P1 & 1 token in P1 OFF – Off
◦ 1 token in P1 & 0 tokens in P1 OFF – Green
◦ 0 tokens in P1 & 0 tokens in P1 OFF – Red
• P2 and P2_OFF – status of pedestrian lights P2
◦ 0 tokens in P2 & 1 token in P2 OFF – Off
◦ 1 token in P2 & 0 tokens in P2 OFF – Green
◦ 0 tokens in P2 & 0 tokens in P2 OFF – Red
• P3 and P3_OFF – status of pedestrian lights P3
◦ 0 tokens in P3 & 1 token in P3 OFF – Off
◦ 1 token in P3 & 0 tokens in P3 OFF – Green
◦ 0 tokens in P3 & 0 tokens in P3 OFF – Red
• T1 – status of Timer1
◦ 0 tokens in T1 – Timer1 Off
◦ 1 token in T1 – Timer1 On
• T2 – status of Timer2
◦ 0 tokens in T2 – Timer2 Off
◦ 1 token in T2 – Timer2 On
• S2_ON and S2_OFF – status of sensor S2 as read in default state
◦ 0 tokens in S2 ON & 1 token in S2 OFF – S2 is Off
◦ 1 tokens in S2 ON & 0 tokens in S2 OFF – S2 is On
• B3_ON and B3_OFF – status of pedestrian button B3 as read in default state
◦ 0 tokens in B3 ON & 1 token in B3 OFF – B3 is Off
◦ 1 tokens in B3 ON & 0 tokens in B3 OFF – B3 is On
• Clock – status of Clock
◦ 0 tokens in Clock – Clock indicates Day time
◦ 1 token in Clock – Clock indicates Night time

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