# Experiment 2: Combinational Logic Circuits

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Experiment 2: Combinational Logic Circuits

There are only 10 types of people in the world:
those who understand binary, and those who don’t.
1 Introduction
The aim in this experiment is to find the expression with the lowest cost for combinational
logic circuits and implement them. In this experiment, you are allowed to use ‘&’ (Bitwise
AND), ‘|’ (Bitwise OR), ‘∼’ (Bitwise NOT), and ‘{}’ (Concatenate) operations. Other
operations such as ‘+’, ‘-’, ‘*’, ‘/’, ‘<<’, ‘>>, ‘ˆ’, always, switch case, and if else
are forbidden.
2 Preliminary
1. For the function F1 given in Equation 1, apply the following operations:
a) Find its prime implicants using Karnaugh diagram.
b) Find its prime implicants using Quine-McCluskey method.
c) Create prime implicant chart and find the expression with the minimum cost
with 2 units of cost for each variable and 1 unit of cost for complement of a
variable.
d) Design and draw the lowest cost expression using NOT, AND, and OR gates.
e) Design and draw the lowest cost expression using only NAND gates.
f) Design and draw the lowest cost expression using a single 8:1 Multiplexer and
NOT gates.
F1(a, b, c, d) = ∪1(0, 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 13, 14) + ∪φ(2, 7, 11, 12) (1)
2. Design and draw the functions F2 and F3 given in Equations 2 and 3 using ONE
single 3:8 decoder, 2-input OR gates (x
0
represents the complement of x).
F2(a, b, c) = abc0 + a
0
c (2)
F3(a, b, c) = ab0
c
0 + bc (3)
1
Experiment 2: Combinational Logic Circuits
3 Experiment
Part 1
Please implement the circuit that you have designed in Preliminary 1.d. section using
NOT, AND, and OR modules in Verilog. You should write these “gates” as modules
and use them later in your implementations. In other words, for example, when you
need to apply an AND operation to two input wires, you should use the modules you
have written before, rather than using operators like “&” or “|” directly. Following the
implementation, please run simulations for various input combinations to validate your
design.
Part 2
Please implement the circuit that you have designed in Preliminary 1.e. section using
only NAND modules in Verilog. You should implement the gate as a module and use
for various input combinations to validate your design.
Part 3
Please implement the circuit that you have designed in Preliminary 1.f. section using a
8:1 multiplexer and NOT gates in Verilog. You should write the multiplexer and NOT
gate as modules and use them later in your implementations. Following the implementation, please run simulations for various input combinations to validate your design.
Part 4
Please implement the circuit that you have designed in Preliminary 2 section using a 3:8
decoder and OR gates in Verilog. You should write the decoder and OR gate as modules
and use them later in your implementations. Following the implementation, please run
simulations for various input combinations to validate your design.
4 Report
You should show your work of Preliminary study on the report in detail. You can use
any tool for creating tables (for Preliminary 1.a., 1.b. and 1.c.) and circuit designs
(for Preliminary 1.d., 1.e. and 1.f.). You may attach them to the report as figures by
properly referencing them in the text.
your implementations are not fully correct, discuss what the source of the errors might
2
5 Submission
• Please don’t send any document via e-mail to one of the assistants.
• Your reports must be written in Latex format. Latex report template is available
on Ninova. You can use any Latex editor whichever you want. If you upload your
report without Latex file, you directly get 0 as your report grade. You should
• You should submit 2 separate “.v” files for your Verilog codes: one containing the
modules, one containing the simulation codes.
• Please make sure that you have written your full name and student ID number to
every document you are submitting.
• Note that late submissions are not accepted, be aware of the deadline.
• Please do not hesitate to contact me (erturkr15@itu.edu.tr) for any question. Don’t
forget to have fun and stay healthy.
3

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