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Homework 6 Question 1 1000 cars travel from A to B

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COMP 3121 Homework 6

Question 1
1000 cars travel from A to B. There are two possible routes: the upper route through C or the
lower route through D. Let x be the number of cars traveling on the edge (A, C) and let y be the
number of cars traveling on the edge (D, B). The directed graph in the Figure indicates that the
travel time of a car on edge (A, C) is x/100 if there are x cars on edge (A, C), and similarly the
travel time of a car on edge (D, B) is y/100 if there are y cars on edge (D, B). The travel time of a
car on edges (C, B) and (A, D) is 12 regardless of the number of cars on these edges.
Each driver wants to minimize his travel time. The drivers make simultaneous choices.
(a) Find the Nash equilibrium of x and y.
(b) Now the government builds a new one-way road from town C to town D, with a travel time
of 0. Find the Nash equilibrium of x and y.
(c) Suppose now that the conditions on edges (C, B) and (A, D) improves so that the travel time
on each edge is reduced to 5. The road from C to D that was constructed in part (b) is still
available. Find the Nash equilibrium of x and y.
Question 2
Suppose we have 3 sellers a, b and c, and 3 buyers x, y and z. Each seller has a car park for sale,
and the valuations of the buyers are as follows.
Buyer Valuation on a’s car
park
Valuation on b’s car
park
Valuation on c’s car
park
X 6 5 2
Y 7 6 3
Z 6 7 6
There are 4 sets of prices for a’s, b’s and c’s car parks.
1. a=0, b=0, c=0
2. a=2, b=1, c=0
3. a=0, b=1, c=0
4. a=3, b=1, c=0
How many sets are market-clearing prices?
A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4

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