# MATH 208 Assignment 1

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MATH 208 Assignment 1
The assignment contains three questions, with 80 possible points. Your answers must be submitted in the
form of a PDF and include both the answers to the questions, along with your R code and output used to
Question 1 (30 points)
You can access datasets from the R datasets package by using
data(NAME_OF_DATASET)
For this question, we will use the ToothGrowth data.
data(ToothGrowth)
(a) Determine the (i) mode and (ii) class of the ToothGrowth data object.
(b) Determine how many rows and columns the object has by using R functions.
(c) Using boxplots, histograms, and density plots to describe the distribution of odontoblast lengths by
supplement type. Does one supplement seem to be associated with greater lengths? Explain your
(d) Based on your output from part (c), which plot do you think is most effective for assessing whether
there is a difference in distribution of lengths between the two groups? Explain your answer.
(e) Create an appropriate scatterplot to assess the association betweeen the dose of the supplement and
the lengths and to determine whether the nature of the association depends on the type of supplement.
Does the association between length and dose seem to depend on the type of supplement? Explain your
(f) Generate a summary table that contains the mean, median, and standard deviation of the lengths for
each supplement type.
1
Question 2 (30 points)
One of the most popular datasets on the UCI Machine Learning repository is the Abalone dataset, which
contains characteristics of sea abalone. The goal of this analysis is to predict the number of rings of the
abalone shell, which indicates the age of the abalone. The dataset contains the following data:
Name Data Type Measurement Unit
Sex nominal
Length continuous mm
Diameter continuous mm
Height continuous mm
Whole weight continuous grams
Shucked weight continuous grams
Viscera weight continuous grams
Shell weight continuous grams
Rings integer
(a) Read in the data directly to a tibble object from the URL (https://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/
machine-learning-databases/abalone/abalone.data) by using the read_csv() function (note: the column
names are NOT included in the dataset).
(b) Assign names to the columns of the tibble. The columns are in order of the measurements given in the
table above.
(c) Create a new column for the radius of the abalone shell by using the diameter.
(d) Find the maximum and minimum number of rings for each value of the Sex variable by using R
functions.
(e) Using only plots, explain whether you think the association between total weight and the number of
rings depends on the value for Sex.
2
Question 3 (20 points)
Assume that Prof. Steele creates the following list in R to help manage his life:
shopping_list <- list(
Grocery = list(
Dairy = c(“Milk”,”Cheese”),
Meat = c(“Chicken”,”Sausage”,”Bacon”),
Spices = c(“Cinnamon”)
),
Pharmacy = c(“Soap”,”Toothpaste”,”Toilet Paper”)
)
(a) What objects (or values) are returned by the following lines of R code?
shopping_list\$Pharmacy
shopping_list[1][[2]]
shopping_list[[1]][[3]]
shopping_list\$Grocery[2][1]
(b) Using R code, show which statement yield the following three results:
Result 1:
[1] “Soap” “Toothpaste” “Toilet Paper”
Result 2:
\$Pharmacy
[1] “Soap” “Toothpaste” “Toilet Paper”
Result 3:
[1] “Sausage”
3

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