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OOAD Homework/Project 3
Page 1
Project 3 is intended as a continuation of the Project 2 game simulation of the Raiders of the Lost Arctangent
(or RotLA). You may reuse code and documentation elements from your Project 2 submissions. You may also
use example code from class examples related to Project 2. In any case, you need to cite (in code comments at
least) any code that was not originally developed by your team.
Part 1: UML exercises – 25 points
Provide answers to each of the following in a PDF document:
1) (15 points) For the existing RotLA Project 2, create either a detailed UML Activity diagram to describe
the flow of actions and decision points in the simulation, or a detailed UML State diagram that shows
program states and transitions that cause state changes. Which one you use likely depends on whether
your code is more code flow or state/transition based.
2) (10 points) Draw a class diagram for extending the RotLA simulation described in Project 3 part 2. The
class diagram should contain any classes, abstract classes, or interfaces you plan to implement. Classes
should include any key methods or attributes (not including constructors). Delegation or inheritance
links should be clear. Multiplicity and accessibility tags are optional. You should note what parts of your
class diagrams are implementing the three required patterns below: Strategy, Decorator, and Observer.
Part 2: RotLA simulation extended – 50 points (with possible 10 point bonus)
Using the Project 2 Java code developed previously as a starting point, your team will create an updated Java
program to simulate extended the elements of the RotLA game. The simulation should perform all functions
previously enabled in Project 2. Generally, Adventurers and Creatures will continue to perform all functions
they performed in Project 2. The simulation code will be refactored as follows:
Change Summary
• Introduction of Treasure objects
• Strategy Pattern for search and combat
• Decorator Pattern for celebration after combat
• Observer Pattern with Logger and Tracker subscribers
Treasure Objects
• Treasure will now be represented by objects (via an inheritance hierarchy).
• 24 Treasure objects will now be randomly placed in Rooms at the start of the simulation (4 of each of 6
subtypes). There are six subtypes (subclasses) of Treasure: Sword, Gem, Armor, Portal, Trap, Potion
o A Sword provides the Adventurer holding it with a +1 bonus to all combat rolls against Creatures
o A Gem is a cursed item, and the Adventurer holding it makes Creatures even angrier which gives
a +1 bonus to combat rolls by Creatures against the Adventurer
o An Armor Treasure provides a -1 to Creature’s combat rolls against the Adventurer holding it
o A Portal can be used by an Adventurer as an alternative to moving, and will randomly teleport
the Adventurer to another Room inside the four levels of the Facility. You can decide what will
make the Adventurer use the Portal – a random chance, a circumstance, etc.
OOAD Homework/Project 3 Fall 2022 Bruce Montgomery
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o A Trap will immediately cause 1 point of damage to an Adventurer (as if a combat was lost)
o A Potion will allow an Adventurer to take an additional point of damage before being eliminated
(i.e. allow the Adventurer to take 4 damage vs. 3 damage before being eliminated)
• Adventurers will only find a Treasure in a Room through a successful Search. Rooms without Treasure
do not need to be Searched.
• If an Adventurer finds a Treasure during a Search, the Treasure is removed from the room, and the
Treasure is assigned to the Adventurer (as an inventory item or Adventurer property).
• Adventurers can only hold 1 of each type of Treasure, so if they find a second Sword or Potion, for
instance, they will not remove it from the room.
o There is an exception to this for Traps. The Trap Treasure type effect will impact any Adventurer
who finds it – the Trap is removed from the Room and damages the Adventurer regardless of
whether the Adventurer has found other Traps before.
Similar to Project 2, the Game will end if all placed Treasures are found, if all Adventurers are eliminated, or if all
Creatures are eliminated.
Strategy for Search and Combat
Using the Strategy pattern, create, assign, and use subclassed custom search and combat algorithms for
Adventurers. When an Adventurer is instantiated, assign concrete search and combat algorithms to the
Adventurers by their type.
• Combat algorithms
o Stealth – has a 50% chance of avoiding a combat for each Creature engaged; no bonus to 2 dice
roll for fighting a Creature
o Untrained – no bonus to 2 dice roll for fighting a Creature
o Trained – gains +1 to 2 dice roll used for fighting a Creature
o Expert – gains +2 to 2 dice roll used for fighting a Creature
• Search algorithms
o Careful – will find a treasure on a roll of 7+ on 2 dice, no effect from Trap treasure 50% of the
time
o Quick – has a 33% chance of skipping the search, otherwise will find a treasure on a roll of 9+ on
2 dice
o Careless – will only find a treasure on a roll of 10+ on 2 dice
• Assignments of algorithms
o Brawlers: Expert Combat, Careless Search
o Sneakers: Stealth Combat, Quick Search
o Runners: Untrained Combat, Quick Search
o Thief: Trained Combat, Careful Search
Note that these algorithms for search and combat replace the original description of differences in how
Adventurers would find treasure or fight. Also remember that held Treasures impact combat in addition to the
assigned algorithm.
OOAD Homework/Project 3 Fall 2022 Bruce Montgomery
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Decorator for Celebration after Combat
Add a Decorator pattern to extend the functionality of Adventurer combat. The added abstract Decorator will
be called Celebrate and will decorate the Combat algorithm class. The concrete Decorators subclasses of
Celebrate will be Shout, Dance, Jump, and Spin. If an Adventurer defeats a Creature in Combat, there is a
chance (your option) that they will perform 0 to 2 (randomly determined) of each of the Celebrate concrete
actions (represented by a printed message) as a follow up to the Combat result. All celebration execution
should be printed in a single message – for example: “Sneaker celebrates: shout, jump, jump, spin, spin.”
Your implementation of this Decorator should clearly show that the Celebrate methods are additional
extensions to the Combat class, and are not part of that class (i.e. the Combat algorithm class code should not
be changed to represent any Celebrate functionality).
Observer for Logging Events
Add an Observer pattern implementation to allow subscription for and publication of events. You may create a
custom Observer framework, or you may use a library (e.g. Java Flow) or tool. You may use a pull or push model
for events. Event messages can be text, JSON, or specialized event objects of your design.
Use the Observer implementation to publish a summary of game simulation events.
o Publish the following events:
 Adventurer/Creature enters room
 Adventurer/Creature wins/loses combat
 Adventurer celebrates
 Adventurer damage points change
 Adventurer/Creature is defeated/removed
 Treasure is found by Adventurer (include type of treasure)
o Sufficient information should be provided in the published event that the subscriber does not have to query
any game objects for additional information.
o Create an event consumer class called a Logger. The Logger object should be instantiated at the beginning
of each full Adventurer/Creature turn and should close at the end of each turn. The Logger object should
subscribe for the published events that occur during a turn and write each of them in a human readable
form as they are received to a text file named “Logger-n.txt” where n is the turn number of the simulation.
o Create an event consumer class called a Tracker. The Tracker object will be instantiated at the beginning of
the simulation run and stay active until the end. The Tracker will subscribe for the published events and
maintain a data structure in memory for current game status. At the end of each day the Tracker should
print a summary of the cumulative data like:
Tracker: Turn 4
Total Active Adventurers: 3
Adventurers Room Damage Treasure
Brawler 1-1-1 0 Gem, Sword, Armor
Sneaker 4-0-1 2 Sword
Runner 2-2-2 3 Portal
Thief 2-1-0 1 Gem, Sword, Armor, Portal
OOAD Homework/Project 3 Fall 2022 Bruce Montgomery
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Total Active Creatures: 4
Creatures Room
Orbiter 2-0-1
Orbiter 4-1-0
Seeker 3-1-1
Blinker 2-1-2
Outputs, Comments, UML Class Diagram Update
Captured output 1: Run a single simulated game until complete, showing the board render report for each turn
from Project 2, as well as the Tracker object output described above. Capture this output in a text file called
SingleGameRun.txt (can be from console cut and paste or direct write to a text file). Also capture all Logger-n.txt
files for that run that are created from the Logger object.
Captured output 2: Without using the Tracker or Logger subscribers, run the game 30 times, printing out only
the run number and the result (all Treasure found, all Adventurers eliminated, all Creatures eliminated). Print
out a final summary of the counts of each type of ending from the 30 runs. Capture that output in a text file
called MultipleGameRun.txt.
Identify OO Patterns: In commenting the code, clearly identify your implementations of Strategy, Observer, and
Decorator.
Include a UML class diagram update: Also include in your repository an updated version of the RotLA UML class
diagram from 3.1 that shows your actual class implementations in project 3.2. Note what changed between part
3.1 and part 3.2 (if anything) in a comment paragraph.
There may be possible error conditions that you may need to define policies for and then check for their
occurrence. You may also find requirements are not complete in all cases. Document any assumptions in the
project’s README file.
Bonus Work – 10 points for JUnit test example
There is a 10-point extra credit element available for this assignment. For extra credit, import a version of JUnit
of your choice, and use at least ten JUnit test (assert) statements to verify some of your starting expected
objects are instantiated or to perform other similar functionality tests. For full bonus points you must document
how you run your JUnit tests (e.g. with a command line or in the IDE), and you must capture output that shows
the results of your tests. You can decide how the test methods are integrated with your production code.
In practice, writing your tests before development is recommended, but for this academic example, I
recommend you do not pursue this bonus work until you are sure the simulation itself is working well. If you
need support on using JUnit, I mention several references in the TDD lecture, but here are key helpful ones:
• The JUnit sites for JUnit 5 (https://junit.org/junit5/) and JUnit 4 (https://junit.org/junit4/)
• The Jenkov JUnit tutorials (they are for JUnit 4, but are extremely clear and helpful regardless):
http://tutorials.jenkov.com/java-unit-testing/index.html
• Organizing your JUnit elements in your code: https://livebook.manning.com/book/junitrecipes/chapter-3/1
OOAD Homework/Project 3 Fall 2022 Bruce Montgomery
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Grading Rubric:
Homework/Project 3 is worth 75 points total (with a potential 10 bonus points for part 2)
Part 1 is worth 25 points and is due on Wednesday 9/28 at 8 PM. The submission will be a single PDF per team.
The PDF must contain the names of all team members.
Question 1 will be scored based on your effort to provide a thorough UML activity or state diagram that shows
the flow of your Project 2 simulation. Poorly defined or clearly missing elements will cost -1 to -3 points, missing
the diagram is -15 points.
Question 2 should provide a UML class diagram that could be followed to produce the RotLA simulation program
in Java with the new changes and patterns. This includes identifying major contributing or communicating
classes and any methods or attributes found in their design. As stated, multiplicity and accessibility tags are
optional. Use any method reviewed in class to create the diagram that provides a readable result, including
diagrams from graphics tools or hand drawn images. The elements of the diagram that implement the
Observer, Strategy, and Decorator patterns should be clearly annotated. A considered, complete UML diagram
will earn full points, poorly defined or clearly missing elements will cost -1 to -2 points, missing the diagram is –
10 points.
Part 2 is worth 50 points (plus possible 10 point bonus) and is due Wednesday 10/5 at 8 PM. The submission
will be a URL to a GitHub repository. The repository should contain well-structured OO Java code for the
simulation, SingleGameRun.txt, MultipleGameRun.txt, the Logger-n.txt files, the updated UML class diagram for
Part 2, and a README file that has the names of the team members, the Java version, and any other comments
on the work – including any assumptions or interpretations of the problem. Only one URL submission is
required per team.
20 points for comments and readable OO style code: Code should be commented appropriately, including
citations (URLs) of any code taken from external sources. We will also be looking for clearly indicated comments
for the three patterns to be illustrated in the code. A penalty of -2 to -4 will be applied for instances of poor or
missing comments, poor coding practices (e.g. duplicated code), or excessive procedural style code (for instance,
executing significant program logic in main).
15 points for correctly structured output as evidence of correct execution: The output from a run captured in
the text file mentioned per exercise should be present, as should be the set of Logger-n.txt files. A penalty of -1
to -3 will be applied per exercise for incomplete or missing output.
5 points for the README file: A README file with names of the team members, the Java version, and any other
comments, assumptions, or issues about your implementation should be present in the GitHub repo.
Incomplete/missing READMEs will be penalized -2 to -5 points.
10 points for the updated UML file showing changes from part 1 to part 2 as described. Incomplete or missing
elements in the UML diagram will be penalized -2 to -4 points.
Please ensure all class staff are added as project collaborators to allow access to your private GitHub repository.
Do not use public repositories.
OOAD Homework/Project 3 Fall 2022 Bruce Montgomery
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Overall Project Guidelines
Assignments will be accepted late for four days. There is no late penalty within 4 hours of the due date/time. In
the next 48 hours, the penalty for a late submission is 5%. In the next 48 hours, the late penalty increases to
15% of the grade. After this point, assignments will not be accepted.
Use e-mail or Piazza to reach the class staff regarding homework/project questions, or if you have issues in
completing the assignment for any reason.

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