Project, Part 3 – Server‐side


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CS 4WW3/6WW3 – Web Systems and Web Computing
Project, Part 3 – Server‐side
Worth: 20% (4WW3), 10% (6WW3)

This part of the project will require you to use PHP and MySQL to implement the full dynamic server‐
side functionality of your website and deploy it on your virtual machine. You will use Amazon S3
buckets to store user uploads.
You must upload a ZIP file containing all of your files to Avenue by the deadline. You must also ensure
your website is functioning correctly on Amazon Web Services, and submit the URL for your live server
in the README file in the ZIP upload. See below for details on the contents of your ZIP file.
Core Programming Tasks
You will extend part 2 of your project as follows.
Pages in your website
In part 1 and part 2 of the project, you created sample versions of the following pages. Indicated
below are the changes or additional functionality you must incorporate.
 A search form that allows users to search for objects by name (entered into a text box) or
rating (selected from a drop‐down box).
o For part 3 of the project, your search form should submit the search query to the web
server, and return an appropriate dynamically generated results page.
 A dynamically generated results page showing the results of a search (a) on a map, and (b) in
a tabular format. From the results table, users should be able to link to a more detailed
screen for individual objects.
o For part 3 of the project, these results should be dynamically generated based on the
search query submitted from the search form above. Both the table and the map
markers should be dynamically generated using PHP by searching the database
 Dynamically generated individual object pages, with details about the object itself, its location
on a map, as well as a list of all reviews and ratings that have been entered by users.
o For part 3 of the project, clicking on an entry in the search results page should take
you to a dynamically generated page for each individual object. As before, this should
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include a live map showing the location of the object. It should also include all
previously submitted reviews and ratings.
o For part 3 of the project, logged‐in users should also be able to submit a review and a
rating for an individual object, which is inserted into the database and displayed for
future users.
 An object submission page, containing a form with which users could submit a new object.
o For part 3 of the project, your object submission page should submit the user’s data to
a PHP script which, after performing appropriate server‐side validation, adds the data
to the database.
o Only logged‐in users should be able to submit a new object.
o The object submission page should include the ability for users to upload an image.
You should store this image on an Amazon S3 bucket. You may use Amazon’s PHP
libraries for interacting with S3, or another library if you prefer.
 A user registration page, containing a form in which users are asked to enter the information
required to sign up for an account.
o For part 3 of the project, your registration page should submit the user’s data to a PHP
script which, after performing appropriate server‐side validation, adds the data to the
o Although many websites include email confirmation or email password reset features,
you do not need to do this.
You should pre‐populate your website with 5+ objects so that there is some data to see.
You will need to design an SQL database that is suitable for the data in your application. It is likely you
will need at least three tables: one for users, one for objects, and one for reviews.
You will need to write PHP code that implements your functionality for part 2. You may also need to
modify some of the HTML, CSS, or Javascript code you wrote for parts 1 and 2.
Some requirements for your implementation are as follows.
 All requirements on your HTML, CSS, and Javascript code from project part 1 and part 2
specifications remain in place.
 A larger than normal amount of comments are required to be included in your PHP code to
demonstrate to your tutor (assignment marker) that you thoroughly understand the meaning
of everything that you are using.
 You must use the PHP Data Objects (PDO) API for database access.
 You should extract common page elements (headers, menus, sidebars, etc.) into separate PHP
include files to maintain a common look‐and‐feel without repeating too much code between
 Your website should include protections against malicious user‐entered data, including
protection against cross‐site scripting attacks and SQL injection attacks.
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Server deployment
You will need to deploy your project on a live website. In addition to what you completed in part 2,
you will need to:
 Set up an Amazon S3 bucket for storing user‐uploaded images.
If you use Github or some other public repository for storing your source code, it is very important
that you do not put a copy of your AWS password or access keys in your Github repository: there are
automated scripts that malicious parties use to scrape Github repositories for AWS credentials, and
students in this course in the past have had their account broken into and had charges run up because
of this.
Add‐on Programming Tasks
CS 4WW3 students can receive up to 5 extra bonus marks for completing the add‐on task.
CS 6WW3 students must complete the add‐on task.
Add‐on 3: AJAX
As above, on your individual object page, users can submit a rating and review for an object. The
simple way to do this is for the user to click submit, the browser navigates to a new page as requested
via a GET or POST, the server inserts the data into the database, generates a new HTML response of
the full page, returns this to the browser, and the browser loads the new page.
You will use AJAX for this procedure so that the user’s browser doesn’t load a new page when the user
submits a review. Instead, the submission of the rating and review should be done using AJAX. The
server should insert the data into the database and return a success/failure code to the browser, and
then the browser runs Javascript to add the new review to the HTML code in the appropriate place,
without reloading the whole page.
You may not use any client‐side technologies that require plugins, such as Java applets, Flash, or
See the FAQ at the end of this document for information about which external frameworks you are
allowed to use.
Getting Help
To achieve top marks in this assignment, you will need to supplement what you have learned in
lectures and tutorials with details from textbooks or online resources. Fortunately, there are many
resources available on the Internet for web development. On Avenue, I have posted links to useful
sites about PHP.
CS 4WW3/6WW3 project part 3 specification ??????
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During the workshops, your tutor will be able to provide guidance on the core programming tasks.
You should be prepared to explain what you are trying and why you are stuck, rather than just asking
“how do you do this?”.
You are welcome to ask questions of your peers either offline or on the Facebook discussion group. As
a last resort, you can email me ([email protected]) with a question or to request a consultation
Submission Instructions
(1) You must upload a ZIP file containing all your files to Avenue by the deadline; see details
below for the contents of your ZIP file.
(2) You should also have your files copied to your web server and set up so that they appear as
a live webpage.
(3) The README file in your ZIP file will include a:
a. link to your live server and
b. git repository (add [email protected] as a contributor).
(4) Submit on Avenue.
Your ZIP file should contain the following:
 README.txt: A text file containing:
o Your name and student number.
o The URL of your live website.
o If you are CS 4WW3 student doing an add‐on for extra credit, say which add‐on task
you are doing.
o An explanation of any unusual choices, or things you feel we should know about your
 datamodel.sql: A text file containing the CREATE TABLE statements used to create your
 All PHP, HTML, CSS, and Javascript for your website. You may organize these additional files
into subfolders, as you like. You do not need to include any images, videos, fonts, or third
party scripts or APIs in your ZIP file, as we will not be running any of the code from your ZIP
file, only reading the source.
As noted above, you should have a live website working on a server, which remains unchanged
(except for the possible submission of additional objects or reviews) from the due date (Nov 28) until
the end of exams (Dec 20).
We will only mark the contents of the part 3 ZIP and your live website. We will not go back to your
part 1 or part 2 ZIP.
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You should limit your ZIP file to 30 MB.
Your website should work in any modern mainstream desktop browser: Chrome, Firefox, Internet
Explorer / Edge, Opera, or Safari; as well as Safari on iOS and Android Chrome.
We will test your live website at least on the most recent version of Chrome on the desktop, but we
may also use another modern browser to check compatibility. For the mobile version, we will test
your site using the (desktop) Chrome Developer Tools mobile simulator at the “iPhone 7” size as
indicated above, but we may also test on an actual mobile phone or emulator to check compatibility.
Your website must follow the WCAG guidelines for accessibility.
Marks will be allocated as follows:
 20 marks for the core functionality
 10 marks for the quality of the PHP code
 3 marks for database design
 5 marks for security and deployment
 5 marks for add‐on #3 (bonus for 4WW3 students, required for 6WW3 students)
Please see the separate assessment criteria sheet for the detailed marking criteria.

Late Assignments
Late assignments will be penalized at 20% per day to a maximum of 5 days. Students with extenuating
circumstances should contact the instructor well in advance of the deadline. The McMaster Student
Absence Form (MSAF) can be applied to academic work worth less than 25% of the final grade, i.e., a
lab report. You must submit the MSAF online at I will automatically
grant a 3 calendar day extension upon submission of an MSAF.
Frequently Asked Questions
See the part 1 specification for FAQs about HTML and CSS and part 2 specification for FAQs about
1. Can I use Joomla / cake / this fancy PHP ORM framework?
No. Yes!
2. Can I use this fancy AJAX framework?
No. Yes. You may use jQuery for AJAX, however.
3. What libraries am I allowed to use for interacting with S3?
You can use Amazon’s PHP libraries for interacting with S3, or any other library of your

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