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Workshops 8 & 9 Practice functional programming

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JAC444
Workshops 8 & 9
Description:
This assignment lets you practice functional programming as the new paradigm of programming
added to Java 8. It includes concepts such as Generics, Functional Interfaces, Lambda
Expressions, Method References, Streams, and Collections.
Functional Programming allows you to write programs more concise, and in many cases (like
working with collections), faster and with fewer bugs. Mostly, in Functional Programming, you
specify what you want to do (not how you want it to be done, as it’s the case in non-functional
programming paradigms.) Therefore, in this assignment, you should do all the tasks without
using the traditional control statements (for, while, do/while, if/else, switch/case
and even recursion) and just by using Functional Programming facilities provided in Java 8.
(the only exception is inside the equals, constructor, and setter methods of class Student
(discussed below); which you could use the if/else control structure!)
Two basic elements of Functional Programming are Lambda Expressions (which are anonymous
methods) and Method References, that have had them in the course (Week 9). Java 8 also
introduces Streams (hint: don’t mix them up with IO Streams! They are new beasts!) Lambda
Expressions and Streams let you do variety of tasks on the elements of a collection with great
ease.
In this assignment, you should first define a class Student which has four fields in this order:
firstName as a String, lastName as a String, grade as a double, and department as a
String. Provide one constructor for the class (which takes all the fields), setter and getter methods
for all fields, a getName method which returns the full name of the student (ex. “John White”),
toString, and equals methods.
We assume that there has been a contest among students of different departments and the results
have been gathered as grades. Therefore, in a second class, StudentProcess, you are supposed to
use functional programming to do various tasks on a collection of Students.
You might want to have a look at the following classes/interfaces, as you will need them while
doing the assignment:
• java.util.Arrays;
• java.util.Comparator;
• java.util.List;
• java.util.Map;
• java.util.TreeMap;
• java.util.function.Consumer;
• java.util.function.BiConsumer;
• java.util.function.Function;
• java.util.function.Predicate;
JAC444 Summer – 2022 2
18/07/2022 Workshops 8 & 9 Page 2 of 5
• java.util.stream.Stream;
• java.util.stream.Collectors;
• java.util.Optional;
Task 1: Create an array of Students in the beginning of your implementations, populate it with
some Students, make a list out of your array, and print all its elements. You could create your
own Student objects, hard-coded into your program and I will test your code run, against my
input (use arbitrary values for first names, last names, grades – between 0.0 and 100.0 – and
departments.) There is no need to read data from the file in this assignment (hint: have a look at
List<E> class and don’t forget to use method references to do this task and this assignment.)
Task 2: Display Students with grades in the range 50.0-100.0, sorted into ascending order by
grade. (hint: you need to return a Stream<Student> out of your List<Student> first, and then use
Stream and Comparator classes’ methods classes’ methods.)
Task 3: Display the first student in the collection with grade in the range 50.0-100.0 (hint: you
need to return a Stream<Student> out of your List<Student> first, and then use Stream and
Optional classes’ methods.)
Task 4: Sort the Students (a)by their last names, and then their first names in ascending and
(b)by their last names, and then their first names in descending orders and display the students
after each of these two processes. (hint: you need to return a Stream<Student> out of your
List<Student> first, and then use Stream and Comparator classes’ methods.)
Task 5: Display unique Student last names, sorted. (hint: you need to return a Stream<Student>
out of your List<Student> first, and map it to a Stream<String>, and use its methods.)
Task 6: Display Student full names, sorted in order by last name then first name. (hint: you need
to return a Stream<Student> out of your List<Student> first, use Stream class’s methods, and
map it to a Stream<String> somewhere along the way.)
Task 7: Display Students, grouped by their departments. (hint: you need to have an object of
Map<String, List<Student>> and first populate it using Stream class’s methods, and second,
display the desired output using Map class’s methods. You should also use Collectors for this
task.)
Task 8: Count and display the number of Students in each department. (hint: you need to have an
object of Map<String, Long> and first populate it using Stream class’s methods, and second,
display the desired output using Map class’s methods. You should also use Collectors for this
task.)
Task 9: Calculate and display the sum of all Students’ grades. (hint: you need to return a
Stream<Student> out of your List<Student> first, and then use Stream class’s methods to map it
to a DoubleStream, and then, use DoubleStream methods to do the task.)
JAC444 Summer – 2022 3
18/07/2022 Workshops 8 & 9 Page 3 of 5
Task 10: Calculate and display the average of all Students’ grades. (hint: you need to return a
Stream<Student> out of your List<Student> first, and then use Stream class’s methods to map it
to a DoubleStream, and then, use DoubleStream methods to do the task.)
Typical Output:
For a typical input such as:
Student[] students = {
new Student(“Jack”, “Smith”, 50.0, “IT”),
new Student(“Aaron”, “Johnson”, 76.0, “IT”),
new Student(“Maaria”, “White”, 35.8, “Business”),
new Student(“John”, “White”, 47.0, “Media”),
new Student(“Laney”, “White”, 62.0, “IT”),
new Student(“Jack”, “Jones”, 32.9, “Business”),
new Student(“Wesley”, “Jones”, 42.89, “Media”)};
The output could be:
Task 1:
Complete Student list:
Jack Smith 50.00 IT
Aaron Johnson 76.00 IT
Maaria White 35.80 Business
John White 47.00 Media
Laney White 62.00 IT
Jack Jones 32.90 Business
Wesley Jones 42.89 Media
Task 2:
Students who got 50.0-100.0 sorted by grade:
Jack Smith 50.00 IT
Laney White 62.00 IT
Aaron Johnson 76.00 IT
Task 3:
First Student who got 50.0-100.0:
Jack Smith 50.00 IT
Task 4:
Students in ascending order by last name then first:
Aaron Johnson 76.00 IT
Jack Jones 32.90 Business
Wesley Jones 42.89 Media
Jack Smith 50.00 IT
John White 47.00 Media
Laney White 62.00 IT
Maaria White 35.80 Business
JAC444 Summer – 2022 4
18/07/2022 Workshops 8 & 9 Page 4 of 5
Students in descending order by last name then first:
Maaria White 35.80 Business
Laney White 62.00 IT
John White 47.00 Media
Jack Smith 50.00 IT
Wesley Jones 42.89 Media
Jack Jones 32.90 Business
Aaron Johnson 76.00 IT
Task 5:
Unique Student last names:
Johnson
Jones
Smith
White
Task 6:
Student names in order by last name then first name:
Aaron Johnson
Jack Jones
Wesley Jones
Jack Smith
John White
Laney White
Maaria White
Task 7:
Students by department:
Media
John White 47.00 Media
Wesley Jones 42.89 Media
IT
Jack Smith 50.00 IT
Aaron Johnson 76.00 IT
Laney White 62.00 IT
Business
Maaria White 35.80 Business
Jack Jones 32.90 Business
Task 8:
Count of Students by department:
Business has 2 Student(s)
IT has 3 Student(s)
Media has 2 Student(s)
Task 9:
Sum of Students’ grades: 346.59
JAC444 Summer – 2022 5
18/07/2022 Workshops 8 & 9 Page 5 of 5
Task 10:
Average of Students’ grades: 49.51
Marking Criteria and Tasks:
Please note that you should:
a- have appropriate indentation.
b- have proper file structures and modularization.
c- follow Java naming conventions.
d- document all the classes properly.
e- not have debug/useless code and/or file(s) left in assignment.
f- have good intra and/or inter class designs.
in your code!
• Tasks: Developing and running the desired solution; you should submit your source
code – just individual .java files, and screenshots which demonstrate the way
your code runs.
• Each of the tasks 1-10: 1 mark.
Deliverables and Important Notes:
• The first 5 tasks are due on July 26
th and the rest are due on August 2
nd
.
You are supposed to submit your solutions online on Bb by the end of the days on
Tuesday, 26
th of July and Tuesday, 2nd of August 2022.)
• Please note that you would be allowed to submit just once, so please be super
careful and double check before you hit submit.
• There would be a 20% penalty for each day (or part of it,) in case you submit
late!
• Remember that you are encouraged to talk to each other, to the instructor, or to
anyone else about any of the assignments, but the final solution may not be copied
from any sources.

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